The “making available” right, as articulated in the WIPO Copyright Treaty art. 8 (and the WPPT arts. 10 and 14), applies to the offering to the public of on-demand access to a work in the form of a stream or of a download. The “umbrella solution” adopted at the 1996 Diplomatic Conference that yielded the WCT and WPPT allows member states to implement the making available right through a variety of means, including, for example, an all-embracing “making available” right, or a combination of a public performance right covering streams and a digital distribution right covering downloads. The U.S. implementation of the making available right reveals the potential shortcomings of relying on multiple exclusive rights collectively to cover the full range of acts comprised within the making available right: some features of the right may end up left out. The U.S. has assigned the offering and communication of digital streams to the public performance right, and downloads to the reproduction and distribution rights. Implementation of the making available right through these pre-existing exclusive rights required no amendments to the Copyright Act, U.S. authorities assured, because the combination of rights sufficed. Full coverage of the making available right through a combination of rights has nonetheless proved elusive in the U.S.